Bulgarian: A language with an EU alphabet
10 facts about the Bulgarian language
Origin of the language
Bulgarian originated in the Province of Thessalonica (present-day Greece).
History of the language
The Bulgarian language is believed to have originated during the 9th century.
Learning the language
An English speaker should expect to need 1100 hours to learn Bulgarian.
Romanian language diversity
Romanian is the official language of Romania and the Republic of Moldova.
Some very significant dialects include Swiss French (CH), Canadian French (CA) and Belgian French (BE). Additionally, there are numerous varieties of French. In France, for example, speakers in the bigger cities of France speak Metropolitan French while speakers in some regions communicate in regional dialects such as Meridional French.
Apart from the well-known French dialects such as Swiss French and Belgian French, there is also Aostan French in Italy. Two primary types of French in Canada are Quebec and Acadian French. In Cambodia, Cambodian French is spoken while Laos French is spoken in Laos.
In Lebanon, Lebanese French is spoken because French was the country’s official language until 1941. French is both officially and unofficially spoken in the Maghreb countries of Africa (Algeria, Mauritania, Tunisia), as well as in other countries all over the African continent. French is also spoken in some parts of India that were previously colonized by the French.
Did you know?
Romanian is written in the Latin morphological case differentiation.
Nearly 72% of Romanian words are derived from a Latin root and 15% from a Slavic root.
The popular song “Dragostea din tei” by the music group O-zone is in Romanian.
Unlike most languages, Romanian has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
The verbs usually precede the object in Romanian sentences.
Romanian officially switched from the Cyrillic alphabet to the Latin alphabet in 1989.
Bulgarian language for beginners
Ten basic words to start learning in Bulgarian:
In whatever glory a man lives, the mark of his life will be a stone.
Writer and Playwright
Love is the time and space where I give myself the right to be extraordinary.
Philosopher, Writer, Semiotician, and Novelist
The insignificant and the small - that's where life is hidden, that's where it nests.
Author and Poet
Fun facts about the Bulgarian language
A lot of foreign languages have influenced the Bulgarian vocabulary, including Greek, Latin and Turkish.
Bulgarian has unique pluralization in that words are made plural often by adding “i” at the end of the word.
The longest word in the Bulgarian language has 39 letters; it is neprotivokonstitutsionstvuvatelstvuvaĭte.
Macedonian sister language
Bulgarian and Macedonian are extremely similar to each other and are essentially dialects of each other’s languages.
European Union Official Language
Since Bulgaria is a part of the European Union, Bulgarian was made an official language for the Union.
Bulgarian is a minority language in Romania, Albania, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine, and the Czech Republic.
Since it was given official status in the EU, its alphabet, which is the Cyrillic script, is one of two official non-Latin EU alphabets.
The letter ь
The Bulgarian alphabet ь requires an “o” attached to pronounce it; it is then pronounced as “jo”.
Bulgarian features exclusive words which differ from those of other Slavic languages. For example, “I” is az in Bulgarian while it is ya in other Slavic languages.
First written Slavic language
The Bulgarian language was the first written language among the Slavic languages, dating back to the 10th century.