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Croatian: The language with 30 letters

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10 facts about the Croatian language

01

Croatian contains letter constructions such as dž, lj, and nj that are pronounced and treated as single letters.

02

Apart from Croatia, the Croatian language is also one of the three official languages in Herzegovina and Bosnia.

03

There are over seven million speakers of the Croatian language in the world, including citizens of Croatia.

04

Bartol Kašić wrote and published the first Croatian Grammar in 1604 which was written in Latin.

05

Unlike the English language, which only consists of 26 letters, the Croatian language has 30 letters.

06

The Croatian language contains eight letters that are not found in Latin.

07

In 1847, the Croatian language replaced Latin as the official language by the Croatian Parliament.

08

The shortest Croatian words consist of 1 letter, such as a (but, and), u (in), i (and), s (with, from) and k (to).

09

Croatian was used a source for Toki Pona, a philosophical artistic constructed language created by a Canadian linguist and translator.

10

“A cob,” which translates to corn cob, has more than 46 synonyms in the Croatian language.

Croatia

Origin of the language

The Croatian language originated in Croatia.

Croatia

History of the language

It is thought that Croatian originated during the mid-18th century.

Croatia

Learning the language

It is estimated that an English speaker can learn Croatian in 1100 hours.

Croatian language for beginners

Ten basic words to start learning in Croatian:
Happy: sretan
Hello: zdravo
Thank you: hvala vam
Family: obitelj
Hope: nada
Beauty: ljepota
Rain: kiša
Love: ljubav
Goodbye: Doviđenja
Home: dom

Quotes

Of all things, I liked books best.

Nikola Tesla

Inventor, mechanical engineer, and electrical engineer

Yet we are all just ordinary people, and the only thing that matters is whether someone is good or not.

Miro Gavran

Short story writer and author

Listen: I always return to myself.

Vesna Parun

Poet

Fun facts about the Croatian language

Numerous tenses

The Croatian language mainly consists of four past tenses, one present tense, and two future tenses.

Absence of various letters

Common letters such as q, w, x, and y are present in English and other languages but not in Croatian.

Different letters but the same accent

While č and ć are known to be different letters, they have the same accent in the Croatian language.

Easy to learn and read

Croatian does not have any silent letters or combination of letters, making it simple to learn and read Croatian.

Longest word

The longest word in the Croatian language is 24 letters long, prijestolonasljednikovica, meaning “heir to the throne.”

First man to speak in Croatian

The first man to speak in Croatian before the parliament was Ivan Kukuljević Sakcinski in 1843.

Three major dialects

Croatian has three major dialects - Kajkavian, Štokavian, and Čakavian - which also have their own dialects.

Written in three different alphabets

Due to Croatian’s geographical position, the language was written in 3 different alphabets: Cyrillic, Glagolitic and Latin.

Standardized form of Serbo-Croatian

It is a standardized form of Serbo-Croatian and is mutually intelligible with Serbian and Bosnian.

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