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Georgian: The ancient language of kings

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10 facts about the Georgian language


The Georgian language is not difficult to learn in and of itself. However, people do find it difficult to learn because of the verb system.


Only 4 million people speak the Georgian language as their first or second language. Its use is primarily based in Georgia.


In Georgian, “hello” also means “victory” in reference to its historical success.


Surprisingly, there are 17 dialects and sub-dialects that are based on the Georgian language.


The Georgian language has twenty-digit numerals that are similar to French. For instance, the number 84 is pronounced as "four times twenty and four."


Georgian language has its own alphabet and consists of 33 letters.


Georgian letters have very little in common and cannot be adequately linked in writing.


Georgian is one of the ten ancient languages. It contains thirty eight alphabet letters, each of which is distinct and is recognized by UNESCO as part of the world's cultural identity. However, five of these are obsolete now.


The Georgian language is spoken predominantly in Georgia, northern Turkey, and local communities in Azerbaijan.


There are 28 consonants in the Georgian language. However, two similar consonants are not placed next to each other in words.


Origin of the language

Georgian emerged in Rome.


History of the language

It is thought that Georgian originated during the 5th century.


Learning the language

It takes about 1100 hours to learn Georgian as an English speaker.

Georgian language for beginners

Ten basic words to start learning in Georgian:
Hello: Gamarjoba
Goodbye: Nakhvamdis
Family: ojakhi
Happy: bednieri
Love: siq'varuli
Home: sakhli
Light: msubuki
Dark: bnelli
Thanks: madloba
Sun: mze


Man does not deserve a rebuke from us, but compassion; that's the only thing I can say: we must sympathize with everyone!

Otar Chiladze

Author, educator and philosopher

I’m fascinated by anything that deals with the unexplained.

Elena Satine


The Georgians will treat you like royalty.

Katie Melua

Singer, songwriter

Fun facts about the Georgian language

3 ways of saying "yes"

The Georgian language has three different ways to say "yes"; diakh (formally), ki (informally), ho (colloquial).

Natives do not call the homeland Georgia

Native Georgians do not address their nation by the name Georgia, but rather they call it Saqartvelo in the local language.

Origins incorporated in names

In the Georgian language, people’s surnames indicate their place of origin or region of birth.

Different ways of using the letter "i"

Georgians add the letter “i” to the end of a word that does not contain a vowel.

Foreign terms incorporated

There are numerous foreign terms in Georgian. Most of them come from Turkish, Persian and Arabic.

No uppercase letters

The Georgian language does not use capital letters.

Different surnames

Georgian surnames differ to distinguish people from the eastern and western regions. Names ending with –dze indicate the western Georgian region and –swili indicates the eastern Georgian region; both suffixes mean "child."

Different identities among ethnic groups

Ethnic groups from the Highlands have names that end with –uri or –uli while surnames ending in –ani and –iani occur among ethnic groups from Eastern Georgia.

No third person gender

The Georgian language does not use gender to refer to the third person. If someone mentions an individual in the third person, they address him/her as "that" instead.

Single meaningful phrases

The minimal phrase size in Georgian is likewise unique to the language. For example, a singular verb may have a lot of meaning.

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