Polish: At one time a lingua franca
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10 facts about Polish
Origin of the language
Polish emerged in Poland.
History of the language
It is believed that Polish originated in the 10th century.
Learning the language
An English speaker could require 1100 hours to learn Polish.
Polish language for beginners
Ten basic words to start learning in Polish:
Thank you=Dziękuję Ci
Nothing in life is to be feared; it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more so that we may fear less.
Physicist and researcher
When I was young, I admired clever people. Now that I am old, I admire kind people.
Abraham Joshua Heschel
Rabbi, Jewish theologian and philosopher
Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in the right to do what we ought.
Pope John Paul II
Head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State
Fun facts about the Polish language
Terms for Polish cuisine adopted
Some terms referring to food of Polish origin have been adopted by the English language, such askielbasa (smoked sausage) andpierogi (stuffed dumplings).
The longest word
The longest Polish word has 45 letters,Dziewięćsetdziewięćdziesięciodziewięcionarodowościowego, and means “999 nationalities.”
Modern Polish emerged in the 1700s
As a successor to the medieval Old Polish and Middle Polish (10th–16th centuries), the modern variation of Polish emerged in the 1700s.
Polish is most closely linked to Slovak and Czech, among other languages, but it varies in terms of pronunciation and basic grammar.
The modern standard dialect of Polish is dubbed "correct Polish" by many and is intelligible across the country.
Stress pattern in Polish
The most common stress pattern in Polish is the penultimate stress, which occurs when a word has more than one syllable and is stressed on the next-to-last syllable.
More stress positions
Verbs with the conditional endings like-by,-bym,-bymy, are another group of exceptions. These endings are not taken into account while establishing the stress position.
Nouns and genders
There are three genders for nouns: masculine, feminine, and neuter. The masculine gender is further split into sub-genders.
Borrowed from Mongolian words
During conflicts with Genghis Khan during the 12th and 13th centuries, Mongolian terms were introduced into the Polish language.
Polish Nobel prize winners in literature
The Nobel Prize in Literature has been awarded to five authors who have written in the Polish language.