Portuguese: The fastest growing European language after English
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10 facts about the Portuguese language
Origin of the language
Portuguese emerged in the Iberian Peninsula.
History of the language
It is believed that Portuguese originated in the 2nd century.
Learning the language
It takes 600 hours to learn Portuguese as an English speaker.
Portuguese language diversity
Portuguese is the native language of Portugal and Brazil, and 8 other countries.
Some very significant dialects include Swiss French (CH), Canadian French (CA) and Belgian French (BE). Additionally, there are numerous varieties of French. In France, for example, speakers in the bigger cities of France speak Metropolitan French while speakers in some regions communicate in regional dialects such as Meridional French.
Apart from the well-known French dialects such as Swiss French and Belgian French, there is also Aostan French in Italy. Two primary types of French in Canada are Quebec and Acadian French. In Cambodia, Cambodian French is spoken while Laos French is spoken in Laos.
In Lebanon, Lebanese French is spoken because French was the country’s official language until 1941. French is both officially and unofficially spoken in the Maghreb countries of Africa (Algeria, Mauritania, Tunisia), as well as in other countries all over the African continent. French is also spoken in some parts of India that were previously colonized by the French.
Did you know?
Sound differences as well as grammatical syntax distinguish Brazilian Portuguese from European Portuguese.
Portuguese uses nasal vowels, denoted in the orthography by m or n following the vowel.
Its verb system is quite distinct from that of Spanish in terms of grammar.
Until the 15th century, Galician and Portuguese were a single language known as Gallego-Portuguese, or Galician-Portuguese, Old Portuguese or Medieval Galician.
The initial evidence for the language comes from a few words in Latin literature dating from the 9th to 12th centuries.
The Portuguese parliament enacted legislation in 2008 requiring the adoption of a uniform spelling based on Brazilian forms.
Language for beginners
Ten basic words to start learning in Portuguese:
Good=boa or bom
New=nova or novo
Cross the meadow and the stream and listen as the peaceful water brings peace onto your soul.
Talent without working hard is nothing.
Look, there's no metaphysics on earth like chocolates.
Fun facts about Portuguese
Sao Paulo and Portuguese
Only 5% of Portuguese speakers reside in Portugal. The majority of them reside in Brazil. The city of Sao Paulo has the highest number of Portuguese speakers in the world.
Fastest growing language
Portuguese is believed to be the fastest growing European language in the world after English. This is due to the constantly growing population of Brazil.
English to Portuguese
When English is translated into Portuguese, the text is longer and normally increases by up to 30% in overall length.
When Spain and Portugal were invaded by the Islamic Sultanate in the 8th century, Arabic gradually seeped into the local languages.
The longest word
The longest Portuguese word has 29 letters, anticonstitucionalíssimamente, and it means to do something in an unorthodox way.
Portuguese words in the English language
Cobra, fetish and embarrass are examples of Portuguese words which have been incorporated into the standard English lexicon.
Until recently, Portuguese only had 23 letters
Before 2009, the Portuguese alphabet did not include the letters “k,” “w” and “y.” They were introduced to the language then.
Verb tenses have different endings
Unlike English, each verb tense in Portuguese has six distinct conjugations for a variety of pronouns.