10 facts about the Romanian language
Origin of the language
The Romanian language emerged in Dacia, which later became Romania.
History of the language
It is believed that Romanian originated in the 2nd century.
Learning the language
It takes about 580 hours to learn Romanian as an English speaker.
Romanian language diversity
Romanian is the official language of Romania and the Republic of Moldova.
When Romania occupied the area south of the Danube river, the Latin and Balkan languages influenced the Romanian dialects. Romanian is now classified into 4 different dialects: Dacoromanian, Aromanian, Istroromanian and Meglenoromanian.
Dacoromanian is the standard form of the language that is spoken in Romania and Moldova whereas the others are regional variants. Aromanian is spoken across some communities in Greece, Albania, Serbia and Kosovo. Istroromanian and Meglenoromanian, on the other hand, are almost extinct but are still spoken in some regions in Istria and Northern Greece, respectively.
Did you know?
Romanian is written in the Latin morphological case differentiation.
Nearly 72% of Romanian words are derived from a Latin root and 15% from a Slavic root.
The popular song “Dragostea din tei” by the music group O-zone is in Romanian.
Unlike most languages, Romanian has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
The verbs usually precede the object in Romanian sentences.
Romanian officially switched from the Cyrillic alphabet to the Latin alphabet in 1989.
There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest.
Writer, political activist and teacher
I don't run away from challenges because I am afraid. Instead, I run toward it because the only way to escape fear is to trample it beneath your feet.
Olympic gold medalist
Nothing is more powerful than an idea whose time has come - even if it came in a living room - or to someone with a humble living.
Physicist and Nobel Prize winner
Fun facts about the Romanian language
Only Romanian survived in Eastern Europe
Out of all the Romance languages, Romanian is the only language that prevailed in the area of Europe occupied by Hungarians and Bulgarians.
Romanian is easy to speak and write
Since Romanian is a language that is phonetic, the words are pronounced and spelled in the same manner.
Easy to understand with knowledge of other Romance languages
Romanian has several words that are closely related to words in French, Italian and Spanish. For example, pardon is a French word that has been incorporated into the Romanian language.
Influence of Slavic languages
Romanian has heavily been influenced by the Slavic languages. As a result, Romanian vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation resemble that of Slavic languages.
The longest word
The longest word in Romanian is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcaniconioză which has 44 letters and refers to a lung disease caused by inhaling sand dust.
Taught as a foreign language
Some European countries teach Romanian as a first language, and a total of 43 countries teach Romanian as a second language.
Romanian is similar to some Romance languages
Lexically, Romanian is the closest to Italian, followed by French, Sardinian, Catalan, Portuguese and Spanish.
Vowels are also words
In Romanian, almost all of the vowels are also independent words with their own meanings.
Romanian has 5 unique letters, also known as the Diacritics, that have difficult pronunciations. These letters are ă, ș, ț, â and î.
The Romanian alphabet
The Romanian alphabet has a total of 31 letters which resemble the letters of the English alphabet but are pronounced differently.